Thailand, a country of nearly 70 million people, has a system education similar to that applied in other countries in Southeast Asia, starting with age education early to college there are no fundamental differences. Difference in the significance lies in vocational education. Vocational education in Thailand applying 5 (five) years study period in which graduates are equivalent to graduates diploma 2 years while applying vocational education in Thailand study period is 3 (three) years.
Therefore, in Thailand, there are no known universities in various countries. universities in Thailand act as institutions as long-life learning ’or institutions that provide certificates for certain skills, such as weld, sew, etc. Thailand also applies 9-year compulsory education, as in Other Countries, but free education is provided until high school graduates.
Education System in Thailand
Thailand’s education system applies 9-year compulsory education, with 12 years of free education to complete secondary school education.
In Thailand which generally consists of:
3 years (Anuban) or kindergarten
6 years (Prathom) elementary school, currently (Prathom) is famous in Thailand is St. Andrews International School, Dusit. For more information about this school, you can visit the site https://www.standrewsdusit.com
6 years (Mattayom) junior and senior high school, vocational education and higher education.
Compulsory education in Thailand implements the requirement for children to start school at (Prathom) 1 or grade 1 primary school starting at the age of 6 years. Although there is no obligation for children to join (Anuban) Kindergarten. Before entering elementary school, most parents send their children to enter kindergarten.
More than 75% of children 3-5 years old get an early education. Although essentially early childhood education is provided by the government through public elementary schools, the Ministry of Education actively encourage private schools and local governments to play a significant role in getting involved in early education. Therefore that, lately seen a lot of early childhood education offered by
Private educational institution.
This is evident in Bangkok and surrounding areas, marked with the growth of several early education institutions managed by the private sector. Basic education in Thailand is intended as 12 years of shared learning become 6 years of elementary school (Prathom 1-6), followed by 3 years of schooling
junior high school (Mattayom 1-3) and 3 years of high school (Mattayom 4-6). Since 2003, compulsory education has been expanded to 9 years (6 years of schooling elementary and 3 years of junior high school), but school education free up to 12 years so students are expected to complete education until Mattayom 6, or the equivalent of graduating from high school.
The national curriculum contains 8 core subjects: Thai, Mathematics, Science, Social Sciences, Religion and Culture, Health and Sports, Art, and Career Technology and Foreign Languages. Curriculum flexibility allows cultural integration and local wisdom so that it is consistent with learning output standards.
With the application of compulsory education, gross enrollment rate (gross enrollment rate) for the school level the base is quite high, reaching 98.3 percent for the population of children aged 6-11 years (2010). While the gross enrollment rate for junior high schools in 2010 shows greater than 90 percent, but only at the upper-middle level around 60 percent (Unesco, 2011).
Vocational and Technical Education
Vocational and technical education is formally carried out at three levels:
senior secondary level (equivalent to senior high school) with a study period of 3 years, diploma level with a study period of 2 years and a bachelor level with a study period of 2 year after completing the diploma level. Vocational and technical education implemented at a technical college, for example, Minburi Technical College, etc. However at present most of the technical colleges in Thailand only offer 5 programs a year consisting of 3 years of upper secondary level and 2 years of diploma, so students generally spend 5 years until they finish college like this.
Higher education in Thailand is carried out at universities, technical institutes, high schools (colleges), professions and engineering and university education. Higher education in Thailand can be divided into two institutions. First, higher education under the Ministry of Education, such as public and private universities,
professional/technical and agricultural associations, and high school (college) teacher education. The second is specialized institutions under other ministries, such as the classic Thai senior high school under the Ministry of Culture, the nursing high school under the Ministry of Health, etc. Fundamental changes in higher education can be seen from the number of private universities in recent years replacing this. In the case of public universities, changes are seen in:
- State universities have become more independent
- The institution which was once categorized as Rajabhat (a university that facilitates producing teachers), which has now been transformed into a university that facilitates offering programs other than education.
- A total of 35 Rajamangala Technology Institutes spread throughout Thailand are now formed into 9 regional universities, without changing the name of the institution. That is, each Regional Rajamangala Institute of Technology has several campuses.
At present more than 2.2 million students study at public and private universities in Thailand.
University participation rates have increased significantly in recent years, from an average of 26% to 40%. This is a big problem because of the many opportunities for lectures related to the addition of private universities. There are currently 78 public universities and 89 private universities in Thailand